Sativa also has a much higher THC to cannabidiol (CBD) ratio than indica, leading to stronger psychological effects, such as hallucinations and paranoia, and long-term health problems such as memory loss and cognitive function. Sativas, on the other hand, are stimulating and cerebral, and improve creativity and productivity. Indicas provide what has been called a “body high”, while sativas provide more of a “mental high”. Unfortunately, Sativa plants need more time to grow and produce less medicine (flowers) than indica varieties.
This is why Indica strains have traditionally dominated those available on the black market, where there is no concern for patient needs and the only objective is benefit. Cannabis Sativa and Cannabis indica have different botanical properties. As mentioned, indica is often associated with calming effects, while sativa is generally considered to be uplifting. There is something scientific for indicas to make you sleepy and sativas make you feel more awake.
Indica generally has a higher content of THC, CBN and myrcene. CBN is the cannabinoid that makes you feel sedated. Myrcene works in conjunction with higher THC levels and creates a feeling of high throughout the body. Sativa normally has lower THC, which means you can smoke the same amount and not feel as high.
It also has a higher level of limonene, which gives it an energizing effect. Thinner leaves, taller plants and longer flowering cycles characterize the sativa cannabis strain. The strain of choice for the “wake and bake” crowd, the high-THC sativa gives you a more heady high instead of a strong high feeling. Some strains may even act more like a high than a low, providing positive energy that is particularly useful in creative and brain endeavors.
If you're trying to finally write your novel or you need to make a PowerPoint presentation, this jerk is for you. Sativa is also said to be useful for depression, social anxiety, and even ADHD. Indica and Sativa plants differ not only in their physiological effects, but also in their appearance. With Sativa effects, this distinction isn't enough to predict how a particular strain might affect you.
Oddly enough, indica strains tend to have a lighter THC concentration than sativas, even though they produce a more “high” sensation. Because they were not bred or hybrid, native varieties offer a very pure example of Sativa or Indica, without human interference. One explanation for a Sativa strain causing these effects and potential medical benefits are cannabinoids such as THC and CBD, specifically, that Sativa strains are said to have higher concentrations of THC. Strains aren't an exact science, but Sativa strains are generally associated with a common set of effects.
Anyone who has ever entered a cannabis dispensary has probably seen strains labeled as indica, sativa, or hybrids. The two main types of cannabis, Sativa and Indica, are used for a variety of medicinal and recreational purposes. When you experience a sedative effect of Indica or the mental clarity of Sativa, you notice the effect of cannabis compounds within that strain that react with your unique chemistry and body physiology. Some examples of native varieties are Durban Poison, a sativa from South Africa; Afghan Indica, from Afghanistan; Malawi Gold, a sativa from Southeast Africa; and Panama Red, a sativa from the country that bears his name.
The most popular myth seems to be that all Indicas produce a heavy body high, while all Sativas produce energetic and uplifting highs. These are generally known as hybrids, but the result is that even many strains that are indica and sativa have a hybrid nature. Other times, a strain will indicate only a percentage, such as “70 percent indica” or “80 percent sativa”. Cannabis sativa comes from the warmest parts of the world, such as Southeast Asia and Central and South America.