Sativa was first domesticated in the early Neolithic period in East Asia and all current hemp and drug cultivars diverged from an ancestral gene pool currently represented by wild plants and local varieties in China. The current climate and economic scenario drives the use of sustainable resources to reduce our dependence on petrochemicals and minimize the impact on the environment. Plants are precious natural resources, because they can supply both phytochemical and lignocellulosic biomass. In this review, we focus on hemp (Cannabis sativa L.).
We address aspects related to the use of hemp biomass and, more broadly, those related to its wide variety of phytochemicals. Sativa originated in Central and South America. This cannabis strain is typically distinguished by its long, slender leaves, lighter color and tall, airy buds. Together, Sativa and Indica have been in the cannabis lexicon for more than 300 years.
Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus first identified psychoactive cannabis plants as cannabis sativa in the mid-18th century. Many botanists believe that the cannabis sativa plant was first domesticated in Central Asia. But a new study published Friday in the journal Science Advances suggests that East Asia is the most likely source, and that all existing strains of the plant come from an “ancestral gene pool represented by wild and cultivated varieties that grow in China today. This distinction between black and white may have been true at one time, but with the arrival of hundreds of new cannabis crosses today, the lines between sativas and indicas have literally been crossed.
Sativa trichomes, could be constitutively or inducibly expressed in suspension cultures of cannabis cells. Ruderalis plants began to bloom automatically between 20 and 40 days after sprouting, while cannabis sativa and indica plants begin to bloom as a result of available light changes. Although many cannabis strains are derived from indica and sativa species, there is technically another type of cannabis, called ruderalis. Sativa is a Latin adjective meaning “cultivated, indica means “in Latin “from India, and ruderalis is based on the Latin rūdera, the plural of a word meaning “rubble, clods or pieces of raw bronze”.
So what's the problem? How do you find the perfect strain? Are you specifically looking for an Indica-dominant hybrid to relax but keep you alert? Or maybe a pure Sativa strain for that energy because you have a lot of things to do? This is the subject, whether it's Indica or Sativa, it doesn't really indicate what effects you'll experience after consuming it. Like all plants, they were considered Sativa plants, since the Latin term meant cultivated fruit or flowering from seeds. The term Sativa was created in 1753 by a Swedish botanist named Carl Linnaeus and meant cultivated and would describe the hemp plant growing in Europe at the time. That means you have indicas that take on the traits most commonly associated with sativas and vice versa.
Identification of olivetolic acid cyclase from Cannabis sativa reveals a unique catalytic pathway for plant polyketides. Time course of cannabinoid accumulation and development of chemotypes during the growth of Cannabis sativa L. Sometimes you will find a strain labeled as a Sativa dominant hybrid, when in fact you feel much lazier than you expected.